Nationalparks and Nature Parks in Bavaria
Protected by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection, both National Parks representing natural wilderness and a high diversity of the flora and fauna.
In several European countries, Nature Parks are established as large-scale nature reserves. Nature Parks make an important contribution to save biological diversity in cultural landscapes. Since 1963 the non-profit Organisation Association of German Nature Parks (Verband Deutscher Naturparke - VDN) has been the umbrella organisation for Germany’s Nature Parks.
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You will be enchanted by an unspoilt low mountain range landscape of which up to 95% is covered by forest. Besides extensive woodland areas, the national park offers mountain peaks with fascinating vistas of nearly endless forests.
The Berchtesgaden National Park is one of the oldest protected areas in the Alps and part of the alpine territory near the Bavarian town of Berchtesgaden in the southeast of Germany. It is a lush expanse of 218 square kilometers, with altitudes ranging from 540 meter at lowland Königssee to the towering Watzmann Mountain (2670 m).
The Nature Park Oberer Bayerischer Wald is with 179,600 hectare the largest nature park in Bavaria. Mountains lie Großer Arber (1.456 metres), Kaitersberg (1.132 metres) and Hoher Bogen (1.073 metres) as well as the river valleys and lakes give the nature park a charming and varied landscape.
The heartland of the nature park is the “Fränkische Schweiz” with its romantic valleys and the wide Jura plateaus. The partial bizarre landscape already attracted tourists from the neighbored cities Nürnberg, Bamberg and Erlangen in the past century.
In the north-east of Bavaria, at the border to Czech Republic lies the Nature Park “Nördlicher Oberpfälzer Wald”. The nature park area combines a lot of different kinds of forests in its landscape. There are only 500 metres in between the lowest point of the Naab Valley and the Entenbühl of 901 metres.
Between the Main and Aisch rivers and the four cities Würzburg - Bamberg - Nuremberg - Rothenburg ob der Tauber you can find this densely wooded low mountain range called "Steigerwald".
The area of the nature park covers about 1,100 km2 and is situated in the northeast of the famous city Rothenburg ob der Tauber, at the border to Baden-Württemberg. The Nature Park Frankenhöhe is one of the sun-richest areas in southern Germany.
Deep grounds, rolling slopes and hills are characteristic for the Spessart- landscape of the nature park between Main, Sinn and Kinzig. The Spessart Mountains of the nature park reach an elevation up to 600 metres..
In the middle of Bavaria lies the Nature Park Altmühltal. The most beautiful and known are the Danube resurgence between Kelheim and Monastry Weltenburg, the group of rocks called „12 Apostle” in Esslingen near Solnhofen and the natural monument „Steinerne Rinne“ near Wolfsbronn.
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