Fortifications, moats and bulwarks have been features of Ingolstadt for centuries. Back in the 13th century, a wall protected the city from attack. The history of the current “Bavarian fortress of Ingolstadt” begins in 1537: Duke Wilhelm IV ordered a fortress to be built in the style of the theoretical fortresses of the Italian Renaissance.
Over 200 years, no attacker was ever able to conquer this complex. It was only in 1799 after an eventful history that the Bavarian state fortress was surrendered to Napoleon’s troops without a fight, and was subsequently demolished. The year 1800 turned out to be utterly devastating for Ingolstadt. The fortress was razed to the ground and the city lost its university.
Just a few years later the Imperial Bavarian government decided to rebuild Ingolstadt as a major fortress. The reconstruction, or expansion into a state fortress in the classical style, began in 1828 under King Ludwig I. Examples of this construction phase that still characterise the city’s image today are the Tilly Redoubt with the flanking towers known as “Baur” and “Triva”. From 1875 Bavaria’s arms factories were gathered together from their scattered locations and brought under the protection of the fortress.
Would you like to learn more about the significance of the fortress for Ingolstadt?On 15th and 16th March 2017 there will be a public conference in Ingolstadt looking at the archaeology of the fortress – the Bavarian Office for the Preservation of Historic Monuments, the Bavarian Army Museum and Ingolstadt City Museum cordially invite you to attend!
The conference will kick off on 15th March with a ceremonial address at 5.00 pm, followed by public talks on 16th March – covering topics such as the history of the fortress and the industry, possible uses, and the latest findings from the archaeological excavations. Participation in the conference is free, but you are asked to register in advance.
More information about the conference can be found from the middle of February at www.blfd.bayern.de.