The town’s museum shows all the different facets of this noble metal and the related craft of gold beating, which is the process used to create wafer-thin gold leaf. But once you are in Schwabach, you should definitely also visit the historic Old Town: Lying within the former defensive walls of the town, the historic layout and townscape have largely been preserved to this day.
The River Schwabach divides the medieval, almost circular town centre in two halves: To the left of the Schwabach, craftsmen once lived in the former Bindergasse, now called Glockengießergasse. The former centre of the Jewish community was also on the left of the Schwabach in Synagogengasse. During renovation work on No. 10 a sukkah was discovered, complete with Baroque wall frescoes. The house is managed by the Franconian Jewish Museum and is open to visitors on Sundays.
The marketplace developed on the right of the river in around 1300, next to the site of the present-day Schwabach Rathaus (Town Hall). The Rathaus dates back to a “Fronveste” from the 16th century. Over the centuries the ground floor, made of sandstone, was extended by two half-timbered upper storeys. Be sure to look up at the roof of the corner tower: Since the renovation work of 2002 it has been shining with a golden sheen – harking back to the town’s history as a gold-beating centre. Many magnificent townhouses still stand in the part of the town on the right of the River Schwabach. Most of them date back to the reconstruction period that followed the Thirty Years War.
The two halves of the town used to be connected by three bridges, but additional bridges have been added over time. This makes it possible to enjoy an extended stroll through the Old Town complex on both sides of the river.
This year Schwabach is celebrating its 900-year anniversary. When monks from Zwiefalten Abbey stayed overnight in the town in 1117, they recorded their stay in the abbey chronicles. This is the oldest known written documentation of Schwabach. The town is celebrating this anniversary with a range of events.