Burghausen Castle – the longest castle in the world – enjoys a picturesque setting between the glistening Salzach, the listed Old Town and Lake Wöhrsee. The castle spans a length of 1,051 metres along a narrow mountain crest above the town. The terrific complex was built between the 11th and the early 16th centuries. During this period it was constantly being extended and restructured.
In 1164, Duke Heinrich the Lion took over the castle from the Count of Burghausen. The Wittelsbach family followed him in 1180, and they turned the castle into a powerful fortress. From 1255, Burghausen was the second residence of the Lower Bavarian dukes. The castle enjoyed its heyday as a late-medieval royal court with a royal household of over 100 people from 1393 to 1503 under the last three Lower Bavarian dukes Heinrich, Ludwig and Georg – known as "die Reichen" or "the rich". This period also gave the castle its characteristic design.
The castle's display of splendour as the residence of the nobility and the wealth of the town, which was derived from the toll revenues on the salt trade, continue to shape the unique impression of the Burghausen ensemble to this day. The powerful, well-preserved castle complex is home to a total of six castle courtyards. The far end of the mountain ridge is home to the centrepiece – the main castle with the knight's hall, bower and great hall. It served as the residence for the prince and princess of the Lower Bavarian royal court.
On a walk to the fortress complex, which is still inhabited in part to this day, you will keep coming across visible traces of the aristocratic inhabitants of the castle during the Middle Ages. You can find the St Jadwiga Chapel as well as the Georgstor gate with the two historical crests from Bavaria and Poland: The daughter of the Polish king Jadwiga(1457-1502) lived at Burghausen Castle following her marriage in Landshut to Duke Georg the Rich (1455-1503) until her death.
Historical castle festival
Castle, Old Town and themed tours
International Jazz Week Burghausen (Date 2020: from 17th - 22nd March 2020)